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:: Volume 16, Issue 1 (April 2018) ::
J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2018, 16(1): 38-44 Back to browse issues page
Rogayeh Nezhadsafar 1, Mohammad Tagi Masoumi Masoumi2 , Saeid Sadeghieh Ahari3
1- MSc in Medical Geography, Faculty of Humanities, Ardebil Azad University, Ardebil, Iran (corresponding Author) , R.nezhadsafar@chmail.ir
2- Assistant Professor of Geography, Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities, Ardebil Azad University, Ardebil, Iran
3- Associate Professor of Social Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardebil, Iran
Abstract:   (846 Views)
Background & Aims: Some of the causes of preterm delivery almost are known but its biological mechanisms are unknown. There is evidence that shows preterm delivery is related with different seasons of the year. Finding environmental factors affecting biological mechanisms is important steps to reduce preterm delivery. This study aims to determine the seasonal distribution of preterm delivery in Ardabil County.
Material & Methods: This research has been done as a descriptive-analysis with a retrospective approach, using hospital cases and climatic data at Sabalan hospital in Ardabil County has analysed 759 pregnant women (n= 10860) who had preterm delivery complication during the weeks 20-36 over the time from March 2011-Feburury 2016. In this study, statistical data analysis using descriptive statistical methods and correlation relations were carried out by SPSS software 20.
Results: There were% 6.98 preterm delivery among 10860 natural birth. Maximum preterm delivery outbreak was in winter (% 7.95) (P<0.05) and its minimum outbreak was in summer (% 6.22) that was variable with changing of seasons disticly.
The maximum frequency of preterm delivery was on Aban% 8.91 and minimum on Shahrivar% 4.50, also the ratio of preterm delivery according to Seasonal Index (SI) showed that the maximum frequency was on Tir with index of 133.44 and its minimum on Shahrivar with 58.85.
Conclusion: Preterm delivery followed seasonal pattern according to research findings in Ardabil County.
Keywords: preterm delivery, season, Seasonal Index, Ardabil
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: مامایی
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Nezhadsafar R, Masoumi M T M, Sadeghieh Ahari S. THE PATTERN OF SEASONAL DISTRIBUTION OF PRETERM DELIVERY IN ARDABIL COUNTY. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2018; 16 (1) :38-44
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-3363-en.html

Volume 16, Issue 1 (April 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی ارومیه  Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty
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