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:: Volume 15, Issue 10 (January 2018) ::
J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2018, 15(10): 777-787 Back to browse issues page
ASSESSMENT OF BREASTFEEDING SELF-EFFICACY AND PATTERNS AND ITS PREDICTORS IN MOTHERS LIVING IN QAZVIN PROVINCE
Farnoosh Moafi 1, Somayeh Asgari 2, Zahra Yekefalah 2, Maryam Momeni 3, Hamideh Hajnasiri 3
1- Instructor, Faculty Member of Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran (Corresponding Author) , f.moafi.sbmu@gmail.com
2- BSc Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
3- Instructor, Faculty Member of Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
Abstract:   (585 Views)
Background & Aims: Breast milk is the best food for infants due to physiological and psychological benefits to mother and child. However, breastfeeding in Iran decreases with increasing infant age from month to month. So, the present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between breastfeeding self-efficacy and pattern and its effective factors.
Materials & Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted on 350 women who were admitted to the postpartum unit of Kowsar hospital during the last 24 hours. Sampling was done in two steps. The demographic and obstetric questionnaire and breastfeeding self-efficacy scale were completed in the hospital and then Then, at the two time (1 and 3 months after delivery), the breastfeeding checklist was completed by telephone. Data were analyzed by t-test, Chi-square and logistic regression.
Results: Of the participants in the study, 88.3% had breastfeeding initiation in the hospital, and in the third month after delivery, 78% had exclusive breastfeeding yet. Breastfeeding self-efficacy was not optimal (57.28 ± 7.65). Initiation of prenatal care in the first trimester of pregnancy, the start of breastfeeding in 1 hour postpartum and breastfeeding self-efficacy predicted exclusive breastfeeding in the third month after birth.
Conclusion: Efforts to encourage mothers to breastfeed intervene to enhance breastfeeding self-efficacy and also paying attention to the position of health personnel in promoting breastfeeding should be included in public health policies to prevent early breastfeeding cessation.
 
Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding self-efficacy, Predictors
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: مامایی
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moafi F, asgari S, yekefalah Z, momeni M, Hajnasiri H. ASSESSMENT OF BREASTFEEDING SELF-EFFICACY AND PATTERNS AND ITS PREDICTORS IN MOTHERS LIVING IN QAZVIN PROVINCE. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2018; 15 (10) :777-787
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-3370-en.html


Volume 15, Issue 10 (January 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی ارومیه  Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty
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