Volume 12, Issue 9 (Azar 2014)                   Nursing and Midwifery Journal 2014, 12(9): 874-882 | Back to browse issues page

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Soheili A, Mohammadpour Y, Jafarizadeh H, Habibzadeh H, Mehryar H, rahmani A. VIOLENCE AGAINST NURSES IN EMERGENCY DEPARTMENTS OF URMIA UNIVERSITY HOSPITALS IN 2013. Nursing and Midwifery Journal 2014; 12 (9) :874-882
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-1942-en.html
1- nursing and midwifery faculty
2- nursing and midwifery faculty , soheili.a1991@gmail.com
3- school of medicine
4- Nursing Instructor, Dept. of Medical Surgical, School of Nursing and midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Abstract:   (9081 Views)
 Abstract  Background & Aims: Today, workplace violence (WPV) is one of the most complex issues of healthcare systems. The nurses, due to their central role in the health care team and consisting a very large population of hospital personals, are repeatedly exposed to violence, especially in Emergency Departments (EDs). Therefore, we decided to conduct a study to determine the extent and nature of violence perpetrated against nurses in EDs of Urmia university hospitals.  Materials & Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 120 nurses in EDs of Urmia university hospitals (Imam Khomeini, Ayatollah Taleghani, Motahari and Seyed Al-Shohada). Data collecting instrument was a researcher-made questionnaire with 35 items in 2 parts: Demographic characteristics and WPV. After entering the collected data to the SPSS (19) software, data analysis was performed by using descriptive and analytical statistics (Chi square and Fisher's exact test).  Results: The highest rates of violence against nurses include verbal violence (92/5%), physical violence (34/2%) and verbal threats (31/7%). The main perpetrators of violence against nurses associated with patient’s companions (relatives or friends) (73/8%). 66/4% of nurses did not report exposure to violence to hospital authorities. Also, none of the nurses had received training or instruction on how to deal with violence.  Conclusion: Due to the frequent exposure of nurses to WPV in EDs, effective steps should be taken to reduce this neglected problem of healthcare systems, such as: training and instructing the nurses about how to deal with violence, using written papers to report violence, improvement of laws and regulations, paying more attention by authorities to this issue, and using mass media for public education and promoting the culture of communication with hospital staff.  Key Words: Workplace Violence, Nurses, Emergency Departments, Urmia  Address: Urmia Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran  Tel: (+98) 9149782832  Email: Soheili.a1991@gmail.com
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: مدیریت پرستاری

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