:: Volume 15, Number 5 (August 2017) ::
J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2017, 15(5): 368-375 Back to browse issues page
FUNCTIONAL HEALTH LITERACY IN PREGNANT WOMEN IN HEALTH CENTERS OF URMIA CITY- 2015
dr Rahim Baghaei1, mrs Maraym Najarzadeh [ORCID] 2, ms Marzieh Saei [ORCID] 3, ms Nasrin Mohamadi [ORCID] 4
1- Associate Professor Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Uromieh, Iran
2- clinical educator Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Uromieh, Iran , Maryam.najjarzadeh@gmail.com
3- PhD student Department of Midwifery&Reproductive Health Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Master midwife ,Shahid Motahari hospital, Uromieh University of Medical Sciences, Uromieh, Iran
Abstract:   (93 Views)
Background & Aims: Mothers' health literacy is a key and important factor in ensuring prenatal cares, prenatal health, and the successful outcomes of this period. This study was aimed to determine the level of Functional Health Literacy in pregnant women in health centers of Urmia city.
Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study done on 400 pregnant women referred to health centers, which had the inclusion criteria. Data Collection tool includes two-parts; first part of questionnaire, questions about demographic characteristics and second part was Functional Health Literacy Inventory short form) S-TOFHLA). We used the software SPSS (version 17) and descriptive statistical analysis was performed. Significant level was considered less than 0.05.
Results: The mean age of participants in the study, 27.3 ± 5.99 years. The majority of participants are primary school (42.3%), housewives (84%) and Underpaid daily life (83.6%). The mean gestational age was 21.9 ± 7.65 weeks and 24% had inadequate levels of literacy, 25% border literacy and 51% adequate literacy.
Conclusion: The results indicate that the level of functional literacy of most mothers in this study is sufficient. However, considering the effect of mothers' health literacy on the health of the child and the family, and according to the results of this study, the income of the household and the mother's occupation and education plays an important role in promoting health literacy, So, in order to promote the health literacy of all pregnant women; macroeconomic, social and health policies should be taken. And then we can see an improvement in the health literacy of all mothers, including mothers living in the city and rural areas, at every level of economic income and all sections of society.
 
Keywords: health literacy, literacy, pregnant women, health
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: آموزش بهداشت



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Volume 15, Number 5 (August 2017) Back to browse issues page