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:: Volume 14, Number 3 (June 2016) ::
J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2016, 14(3): 271-281 Back to browse issues page
SURVEY OF PROSTATE CANCER-PREVENTIVE BEHAVIORS BASED ON THE HEALTH BELIEF MODEL CONSTRUCTS AMONG MALE TEACHERS OF URMIA CITY, IN 2015
alireza Didarloo1, Reza pourali2, zahra sorkhabi3, Naser Sharafkhani 4
1- Associate Professor Urmia University of Medical Sciences.
2- Instructor Nazlou Pardis, School of Medicine
3- Instructor Department of Training and Education, Area 1, Urmia
4- Instructor Khoy School of Nursing and Health, Khoy , didarloo_a@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2091 Views)

Received: 22 Feb, 2016; Accepted: 25 Apr, 2016

Abstract

Background & aims: Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men after lung cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death in men. In describing the epidemiology of prostate cancer, it is considered as a preventable disease. The aim of this study was to investigate and explain preventive behaviors of prostate cancer based on the health belief model structures among male teachers of Urmia city.

Materials & Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 263 teachers who were selected randomly from from public schools in Urmia. Data collection was performed via a questionnaire, which included demographic characteristics, items regarding HBM constructs, and a performance checklist. Data was analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistical methods in SPSS software with version of 16 (frequencies, mean and standard deviation, Pearson correlation coefficient and linear regression coefficient) .

Results: the study highlighted a significant relationship between mean scores of perceived susceptibility, benefits and barriers and self efficacy with the teachers’ performance on adopting the preventive behaviors of prostate cancer (p <0.001). But, no significant relationship was observed between the perceived severity with the preventive performance of prostate cancer among teachers (p> 0.05). Also among the health belief model constucts, perceived barriers and benefits and self-efficacy were the most important predictor of prostate cancer preventive behavior among teachers(p ≤ 0.001).

Conclusions: This study suggests that health service providers or health professionals should pay attention to predictive constucts (perceived barriers and benefits and self-efficacy )in designing and implementing health education programs regarding prostate cancer and its preventive behaviors.

Keywords: Health Belief Model, Prostate cancer, Teacher, preventive behaviors
Naser Sharafkhani (Corresponding Author)
Full-Text [PDF 547 kb]   (760 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: آموزش بهداشت
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Didarloo A, pourali R, sorkhabi Z, Sharafkhani N. SURVEY OF PROSTATE CANCER-PREVENTIVE BEHAVIORS BASED ON THE HEALTH BELIEF MODEL CONSTRUCTS AMONG MALE TEACHERS OF URMIA CITY, IN 2015. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2016; 14 (3) :271-281
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-2726-en.html
Volume 14, Number 3 (June 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی ارومیه  Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty
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