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:: Volume 14, Number 6 (September 2016) ::
J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2016, 14(6): 516-525 Back to browse issues page
COMPARING THE EFFECTS OF BACK MASSAGE AND MUSIC ON FATIGUE IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEART FAILURE
Dr. Tahereh Najafi Ghezelejh 1, Mr. Hossein Salehzadeh2, Dr. Forough Rafii3
1- Associate Professor Dept. of Critical Care, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (Corresponding Author) , najafi.t@iums.ac.ir
2- Ms. Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Professor Dept. of Medical and Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1829 Views)

Background & Aims: Fatigue can affect the comfort and self-care behaviors of patients. Use of complementary therapies including back massage and music can be effective in improving it. Accordingly, the researcher aimed to compare the effect of back massage and music on fatigue in patients with chronic heart failure.

Material & Methods: This quasi-experimental study with pre-test post-test design with comparison group was conducted in Doctor Shariati Hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. In this study, in each group (Control, Back Massage and Music), 30 hospitalized patients with chronic heart failure were recruited through convenience sampling. Then patients were allocated in groups by simple randomization. Data was collected by fatigue scale. Back massage was conducted daily for 20 minutes after the meeting for three consecutive days by using almond oil. In music group, patient’s preferred music including one of the three types of classical, gentle and Iranian traditional music was played for 20 minutes after meeting for 3 consecutive days by a tape recorder and headphone. Before and 15 minutes after intervention, the patient's fatigue was measured and compared. Data was analyzed by using ANOVA, Paired t test, Fisher’s exact test through SPSSv.21 software.

Results: The results showed that in patients' preferring music and back massage, the fatigue was significantly reduced fatigue. Back massage reduced fatigue of patients with chronic heart failure more than music (p<0.001). In comparing before and after intervention, mean (SD) score of fatigue in music group reduced from 66.26 (10.60) to 49.56 (11.50), and in the back massage group, it was decreased from 68.26 (14.10) to 42.03 (13.50).

Conclusion: Both music and back massage have an impact on reducing fatigue; however, back massage was more effective than music on decreasing fatigue. It is recommended that based on patients’ and heath care providers’ preference, each of these complementary methods can be used, however back massage is preferred to the music.

Keywords: Back massage, Fatigue, Heart failure, Music
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: پرستاری
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Najafi Ghezelejh T, Salehzadeh H, Rafii F. COMPARING THE EFFECTS OF BACK MASSAGE AND MUSIC ON FATIGUE IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEART FAILURE. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2016; 14 (6) :516-525
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-2832-en.html
Volume 14, Number 6 (September 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی ارومیه  Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty
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