Background and aim: Ongoing assessment of environmental hygiene status in hospitals is a main act that provides healthy and hygienic environment for improving patients. The purpose of the study was to investigate environmental and structural hygiene indicators among therapeutic and educational Hospitals of Urmia.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive (cross-sectional) study, three therapeutic and educational Hospitals were evaluated in terms of environmental and structural hygiene indicators. The study data were collected using Hygiene and Cleaning Checklist of National Evaluation Plan of Hospitals (Checklist-NEPH). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics methods (Frequencies, Means, and Standard Deviation) in SPSS software 16, under windows.
Results: The findings revealed that the overall mean score for all indicators in hospitals was 1090±18.7. While, the average score for hygiene and building, environmental hygiene and sanitation, mission of personnel’s hygiene, waste disposal areas, areas of water and wastewater hygiene, occupational hygiene and infection control domain were 319±2.6, 270.7±25.5, 135.3±3.1, 98.3±2.9, 18.3±5.8, 146±7.1, 102.3±1.5, respectively. In general, the findings suggest that overall status of environmental hygiene indicators of hospitals were in the moderate range and were far from desirable condition.
Conclusion: Despite continuing attempts for improving quality of environmental hygiene in hospitals, still most indicators are in moderate level of standards. Therefore, special planning is requiring improving their hygiene status, particularly in both water and wastewater hygiene.