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:: Volume 15, Number 3 (June 2017) ::
J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2017, 15(3): 159-167 Back to browse issues page
THE NATURE OF PREHOSPITAL MEDICAL INTERVENTIONS DELIVERED TO TRAUMATIC PATIENTS IN TABRIZ
Abbas Dadashzadeh [ORCID] 1, Javad Dehghannejhad [ORCID] 2, Dr. Samad Shams Vahdati [ORCID] 3, Amin Soheili [ORCID] 4, Dr. Homayoun Sadeghi Bazarghani [ORCID] 5
1- PhD Student in Nursing Education PhD Student in Nursing, Road Traffic Injury Research Center (RTIR), School of Nursing & Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2- PhD Student in Nursing Education PhD Student in Nursing, Center of Qualitative Studies (CQS), School of Nursing & Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3- Associate Professor Associate Professor, Dept. of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4- PhD Student in Nursing Education PhD Student in Nursing, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran (Corresponding Author) , Soheili.a1991@gmail.com
5- Assistant Professor Assistant Professor, Dept. of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, School of Health & Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Abstract:   (446 Views)

Background & Aims: Appropriateness and Nature of clinical decisions and medical interventions in trauma management is one of the most important concepts in prehospital trauma care systems. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the nature of prehospital medical interventions delivered to traumatic patients in Tabriz.

Materials & Methods: In this descriptive study, the records of all traumatic patients activated EMS and led to a prehospital mission, investigated in 2014. A six-part checklist consisted of patients’ characteristics, mechanism of injury, type of trauma, level of consciousness, medical interventions, physician consult and coordination with the hospital were used for collecting data. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied to the data by SPSS v.13 software.

Results: A total of 5614 out of 37002 registered missions during a year were related to trauma injuries. Traffic accidents (72.9%) were the most common cause of trauma and blunt trauma (85.6%) were the most common type of trauma among injured patients. Although 92/46%of traumas were related to head and neck trauma and multiple trauma, the cervical collar has been merely used for 11.5 percent of them. Also, 93% of the trauma missions led to the transfer of patients to the hospital while in 99.43% of them, no coordination was done between prehospital emergency medical services and hospitals’ A&E departments.

Conclusion: According to study results, despite the high percentage of trauma to the head and neck and multiple trauma, the cervical collar and long back board has been merely used for a few traumatic patients which is unacceptable and indicates the necessity of organizing prehospital trauma care courses and workshops for emergency medical technicians. Also, regarding the lack of coordination between prehospital and hospital facilities, it seems that a much more robust and organized structure is required in Iranian healthcare system.

Keywords: Trauma, Prehospital Emergency, Medical interventions, Tabriz
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: پرستاری
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Dadashzadeh A, Dehghannejhad J, Shams Vahdati S, Soheili A, Sadeghi Bazarghani H. THE NATURE OF PREHOSPITAL MEDICAL INTERVENTIONS DELIVERED TO TRAUMATIC PATIENTS IN TABRIZ. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2017; 15 (3) :159-167
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-3169-en.html
Volume 15, Number 3 (June 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی ارومیه  Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty
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