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:: Volume 16, Issue 12 (March 2019) ::
J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2019, 16(12): 849-855 Back to browse issues page
THE EFFECT OF SILYMARIN ON DECREASING THE ELEVATED LEVELS OF LIVER ENZYMES AND EARLY OUTCOME IN PATIENTS WITH DRUG POISONING ADMITTED IN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
Behzad Booshehri1 , Mohammad amin Valizade hasanloei 2, Hamdollah Sharifi3 , Omid Jalilzadeh4
1- Associate Professor, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2- Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Faculty of Fellowship of Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran (Corresponding Author) , aminvalizade@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor of Clinical Pharmacology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
4- General practitioner of Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Abstract:   (670 Views)
Background & Aims: Poisoning as an important dilemma of public health. In this study, we investigated the effects of Silymarin on decreasing elevated levels of liver enzymes and early outcome in patients with drug poisoning admitted to the intensive care unit.
Material & Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 65 patients with poisoning were evaluated during 1394. The patients’ demographic information (age - sex), the initial level of liver enzymes was checked at the time of admission and after taking the drug and also the outcome of the patients was evaluated. Patients with history of alcohol consumption, another co-morbidity such as viral hepatitis and pregnancy were excluded.
Results: In the group receiving the drug, ALT was decreased in 24 patients (58. 5%) and was not decreased in 17 patients (41. 5%), compared with the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P = 0. 04). In the intervention group, 21 patients (51. 2%) had recovery in the AST levels, but in 20 (48. 8%) cases, there was no reduction in AST. This difference is significant in comparison with the control group (P = 0. 03). In the control group, AST was decreased in 6 patients (20%), but in 18 (75%) patients no decrease was observed, this difference was significant between the two groups (P=0. 03). There was no significant difference in serum alkaline phosphates between interventio and control groups (P = 0. 26). According to Kaplan-Meier analysis, the patients in the intervention group had a faster recovery in the level of enzymes and have been transmitted to ward or discharged earlier.
Discussion: The present study shows that Silymarin reduces liver enzymes and causes the patients be discharged or transmitted earlier than usual to the ward and can be used in other cases in addition to the current treatment of poisoning.
Keywords: Poisoning, Elevated, Liver Enzymes, Silymarin, Recovery
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: پزشکی
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Booshehri B, valizade hasanloei M A, Sharifi H, Jalilzadeh O. THE EFFECT OF SILYMARIN ON DECREASING THE ELEVATED LEVELS OF LIVER ENZYMES AND EARLY OUTCOME IN PATIENTS WITH DRUG POISONING ADMITTED IN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2019; 16 (12) :849-855
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-3570-en.html


Volume 16, Issue 12 (March 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی ارومیه  Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty
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