Volume 18, Issue 5 (August 2020)                   Nursing and Midwifery Journal 2020, 18(5): 409-419 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

1- Assistant professor, Psychologist, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran (Corresponding author) , royayavarian93@gmail.com
2- Assistant professor, Psychiatrist, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
3- Medical student, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Abstract:   (1911 Views)
Background & Aims: University students face significant psychological stress and adverse life events throughout their student career. Depression, anxiety, and poor academic performance can be due to stress. Studies have revealed that individual, psychological, social, personality, and familial factors influence depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. The aim of the present study was to determine the role of social and emotional adjustment on depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms among the students of Urmia University of Medical Sciences. Materials & Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 394 students were selected through the convenient sampling method from Urmia University of Medical Sciences in 2018. They completed the Bell Social and Emotional Adjustment Scale and DASS_21. Data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential (Kruskal-Wallis and Mann–Whitney U tests) statistical methods (SPSS 24). Results: The findings revealed that%45.68, %52.03, and%49.49 of the students experienced different degrees of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms, respectively. Also, in this study, different levels of social and emotional adjustment significantly influenced depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms in the students (p= 0.000). Conclusion: According to the results, it can be concluded that a remarkable number of the students express depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms and it is clarified that social and emotional adjustment are effective factors in depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. It seems that special attention should be given to improve mental health in the students.
Full-Text [PDF 2866 kb]   (693 Downloads)    

1. Fata L, Mutabi F. Stress management skill. Tehran: Dangeh; 2006. P. 6.
2. Atkinson RL, Atkinson RC, Smith EE, Daryl Susuan B, Hoeksema SN. Atkinson and Hilgard's Introduction to Psychology. Cenage Learning; 2015. [URL]
3. Sadock BJ, Sadock VA. KAPLAN & SADOCK'S Synopsis of Psychiatry Behavioral sciences/ Clinical Psychiatry.Rezaeei F. (Persian Translator).Tehran: Besat; 2015. P.633-46. [URL]
4. Fathi Ashtiani A. Psychological Tests. Tehran: Besat; 2016. p. 167-71. [URL]
5. Foroutani M. Depression in some college students. Iran J Nurs 2005; 18(41): 123-30. [Google Scholar]
6. Fallah R, Farhadi S, Amini K, Mohajeri M. Prevalence of depression in personnel of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. Zanjan Uni Med Sci J 2011; 19(75): 107-13. [URL]
7. Sun Xj, Niu Gf, You Zq, Zhou Zk, Tang Y. Gender, negative life events and coping on different stages of depression severity: A cross-sectional study among Chinese university students. J Affect Disord 2017; 20(9): 177-81. [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2016.11.025] [PMID]
8. Ildarabady E, Firouzkouhi MR, Mazloom S, Navinean A. Prevalence of depression among students of Zabol Medical School, 2002. J Shahrekord Uui Med Sci 2004; 6(2): 15-21. [Google Scholar]
9. Wahed WYA, Hassan SKh. Prevalence and associated factors of stress, anxiety and depression among medical Fayoum University students. Alexandria J Med 2016; 53(1): 77-84. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajme.2016.01.005]
10. Li Z, Li B, Song X, Zhang D. Dietary zinc and iron intake and risk of depression: A meta-analysis. Psychi Res 2017; 251(3): 41-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.02.006] [PMID]
11. Wang X, Xie X, Wang Y, Wang P, Lei L. Partner phubbing and depression among married Chinese adults: The roles of relationship satisfaction and relationship length. Pers Individ Differ 2017; 110: 12-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2017.01.014]
12. Azizi S, Ebrahimi MT, Shamshirian A, Houshmand S, Ebrahimi M, Seyyed Esmaeeli F, et al. Evaluation of the Level of Depression in Students of School of Paramedic Sciences, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, in 2015. Tabari J Prev Med 2016; 1(3): 41-8. [Google Scholar]
13. Mata DA, Ramos MA, Bansal N, Khan R, Guille C, Di Angelantonio E, et al. Prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms among resident physicians: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Jama 2015; 314(22): 2373-83. [DOI:10.1001/jama.2015.15845] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Ibrahim AK, Kelly SJ, Adams CE, Glazebrook C. A systematic review of studies of depression prevalence in university students. J Psychi Res 2013;47(3): 391-400. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.11.015] [PMID]
15. Dzulkifli M, Yasin M. The Effect Of social support and Psychological Problems On Students 'Academic Performance. Proceedings Of the 2nd International Conference Of teaching and learning.2009.
16. Gan GG, Hue YL. Anxiety, depression and quality of life of medical students In Malaysia. Med J Malaysia 2019;74(7):57. [Google Scholar]
17. Zainab T, Zafar A. Poor academic performances predictor of depression among university students. Int j lat Res human soc sci 2019;2(10):15. []
18. Herman K, Dechelot P, Ladner J, Tavolaci MP. Depression, anxiety, stress and associated factors among university students in France. 12th European public health conference.2019. [DOI:10.1093/eurpub/ckz186.555]
19. Ibrahim MB, Abdelreheem MH. Prevalence of anxiety and depression among medical and pharmaceutical students in Alexandria University. Alexandria J Med 2015; 51(2): 167-73. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajme.2014.06.002]
20. Ahmari Tehran, Heidari A, Kachooie A, Moghise M, Irani A. The Relationship between Depression and Religious Attitudes in Students of Qom University of Medical Sciences. Qom Univ Med Sci J 2009; 3(3): 51-6. [URL]
21. Rubin LE. Student mental health in a chiropractic university setting. J Chiropr Educ 2008; 22(1): 12-6. [DOI:10.7899/1042-5055-22.1.12] [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Peltier GL, Laden R, Matranga M. Student persistence in college: A review of research. J Coll Stud Ret 2000;1(4):357-75. [DOI:10.2190/L4F7-4EF5-G2F1-Y8R3]
23. Abedini S, Davachi A, Sohbaee F, Mahmoodi M, Safa O. Prevalence of depression in nursing students in Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences. Hormozgan Uni Med J 2007; 11(2): 139-45. [Google Scholar]
24. Akers A. A Developmentally Based Assessment and Intervention program for Infants and Preschoolers. Torabi Millani F. (Persian Translator). 10th edition. Tehran: Samt; 2018. pp. 250, 251, 288, 289.
25. Hamidi F, MohamadHosseini Z. The Relationship between Rational and Beliefs Social, Emotional and Educational Adjustment among Junior Students. J Soc Behav Sci 2010; (5): 1531-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.338]
26. Khodapanahi M, Khaksar Boldaji M. Relationship between religious orientation and psychological adjustment in students. J Psyco 2006; 359(7):310-20.
27. Zahed A, Rajabi S, Omidi M. Comparison of Social, Emotional and Educational Adjustment and Learning of Self-Regulation in Students with and without Learning Disabilities. J Learn Disabil 2011;1(2):43-62. [Google Scholar]
28. Salamat Gayebbolaghi N, Puyamanesh J, Jafari A. The Relationship between Emotional Maturity and Resiliency with Social Adjustment in Adolescents.5th Conference of Psychology and Educational Sciences: Cultural and Social Pathology.Tehran: 2017. [URL]
29. Valipur I. Adjustment Psychology. Tehran: Vahid; 2001. [URL]
30. Jafari S, Jaji M. Relationship between Self-Efficacy, Perfectionism and Social Adjustment in Birjand High School Girl Students. 1th National Conference in Psychology, Educational Sciences and Society Pathology. Tehran.2015:5703-5730. [URL]
31. Jiryaeie Sherahi F. Relationship between self-awareness and emotional, social and familial adjustment in male and female students of Tehran University. (MA Dissertation). Tehran ALzahra University; 2011. [URL]
32. Hossainnia F, Abdi Sh. Relationship between Social Adjustment and Happiness. 1th National Conference of Globalization of Child and Adolescent Rights According to Lawyer and Psychologists Viewpoint.Mashhad.2018.
33. Naderi M. Relationship among Perfectionism, Social Adjustment and Psychological welfare in University students. (MA Dissertation). Tehran: Azad University; 2013. [URL]
34. Haghighi M, yavariyan R, Maroofi D. The relationship between mental health and defense mechanisms in bachelor students of Urmia university of medical scientist. J Urmia nurs midwifery fac 2019;17(2):111-20. [URL]
35. Ershadi Kia B, Shajari A, Tayebi F, Yaghubifar MA. Identifying the prevalence and contributing factors of depression in students of health school of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences. Beyhagh J 2015; 16(1): 33-43. [Google Scholar]
36. Najafipour S, Yektatalab S. The prevalence depression and relationships with academic failure on students of Jahrom University Medical Science. Pars Jahrom Uni Med Sci 2008; 6(3): 27-37. [DOI:10.29252/jmj.]
37. Bahrami M, Dehdashti A, karami M. Investigation on depression prevalence and related effective factors in students of health faculty of Semnan university of medical sciences. Zanko J Med Sci2017; 18(58):24-32. [URL]
38. Kashavarz Afshar H, Mirzaee J. Role of Social Adjustment, Emotional Intelligence and Motivational Strategies in Academic Anxiety among Students. Counseling Culture and Psycotherapy 2018; 9(3):211-37. [Google Scholar]
39. Behzadpour S, Motahhari ZS, Sohrabi F. Predicting rumination based on emotional and social adjustment in patients with obsessive_compulsive disorder. Know Res appli psy 2015;16(4):53-60. [URL]
40. Ramazanpour A.Survey on relationship between psychological hardiness, perfectionism and mental health in Urmia University of Medical sciences students. (Dissertation). Urmia University of medical sciences; 2018. [URL]
41. Abaspourr P, Ahmadi S, Ahmadi SM, Seyedi ST. The role of attachment styles and perfectionism in predicting of students, mental health. J Res Clin Paramed Sci 2014; (3):160-8. [URL]
42. Abdkhodaee MS, Mehram B, Ezanlu Z. Study of perfectionism and covert anxity in university students. Res Clin Counsel psy 2012;1(1):47-58. [URL]
43. Peurifoy R. Anger: Taming the Beast: A Step-by-Step Program for Managing Anger Calmly and Effectively. Kodansha USA; 2002. [URL]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.