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:: Volume 14, Number 3 (June 2016) ::
J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2016, 14(3): 201-212 Back to browse issues page
SURVEY OF KNOWLEDGE, WORRY AND SCREENING BEHAVIOR TOWARDS BREAST CANCER AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS OF URMIA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, IN 2014
alireza didarloo1, zahra shorkhabi2, Reza pourali3
1- Associate Professor Urmia University of Medical Sciences
2- Teacher Department of Education, Area1, Urmia
3- Instructor Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (1818 Views)

Received: 17 Feb, 2016; Accepted: 21 Apr, 2016

Abstract

Background & aim: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in developed and developing countries. Its early and rapid detect by screening methods can increase women’s survival rate. Among breast cancer screening techniques, breast self-examination is the simplest, the most applicable and the least expensive screening method. The purpose of this study was to examine female students’ knowledge, worry and screening behavior toward breast cancer in Urmia University of Medical Sciences, 2014.

Materials & methods: This cross–sectional study was conducted on 334 eligible and female students of Urmia University of Medical Sciences, in 2014. To collect data, a valid and reliable questionnaire was utilized. The questionnaire included demographic information, the students’ knowledge and the worry toward breast cancer. The study data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (independent t-test, ANOVA and chi-square test).

Results: The findings suggested that more than half of the cases (60.2%) were Turk concerning their ethnic, and about 65.3 of the subjects were studying in undergraduate level, and about 10% of students were reported to have a family history of cancer. Average score students' awareness about breast cancer was a little more than average total score (23.13 ±4/77). But the average score of concerns about breast cancer was less than the average total score (6.77±2.56). Only 24.6% of the study samples have done the breast self-examination behavior. Awareness and breast self-examination behavior had a significant relationship with variables such as Grade Point Average, level of education and their academic year (P <0.05). A significant relationship was also observed between BSE and knowledge of students (P <0.05).

Discussion: This study shows that health knowledge, health worry and breast self-examination behavior was inadequate, and the students were far from optimal situation. Therefore, it is essential that health educators and providers of health services design and implement educational programs and campaigns for different groups of women, to improve their KAP (knowledge, attitude and practice) regarding breast cancer.

Keywords: Health knowledge, health worry, breast self-examination, female students
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: آموزش بهداشت
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didarloo A, shorkhabi Z, pourali R. SURVEY OF KNOWLEDGE, WORRY AND SCREENING BEHAVIOR TOWARDS BREAST CANCER AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS OF URMIA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, IN 2014. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2016; 14 (3) :201-212
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-2715-en.html
Volume 14, Number 3 (June 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی ارومیه  Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty
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