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:: Volume 14, Number 6 (September 2016) ::
J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2016, 14(6): 485-495 Back to browse issues page
FACTORS AFFECTING THE FERTILITY PREFERENCES IN IRANIAN ETHNIC GROUPS
Dr. Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh1, Dr. Majzobeh Taheri2, Dr. Mohammad Eslami2, Dr. seiyed Davoud nasrollapour shirvani 3
1- Professor AhvazUniversity medical sciences
2- MD Ministry of Health and Medical Education
3- Assistant Professor babol University medical sciences , dnshirvani@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1589 Views)

Background & Aim: The unprecedented reduction in fertility is one of the population problems of countries, including Iran. This study aimed to assess factors affecting fertility preferences in women of five Iranian ethnic groups.

Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2114 women fertility age from 5 ethinc groups of Arabs, Kurds, Sistani & Baluchi, Turk and Turkmen in winter 2015. Data collection tool was a questionnaire containing demographic and dependent variables related to fertility preferences; its reliability and validity were confirmed. The data gathered and analyzed in software SPSS18.

Results: The mean age of samples was 37.6±4.3 years, and most women(44.9%) had primary education. Almost 60% of women with reproductive capability had no desire for the next child. The main reasons expressed reluctance to childbearing included: 28.5% aging, 24.4% economic problems and 19.0% strong opposition from her husbands. Of 384 (16.5%) women who were willing to future pregnancies, 41.4% expressed their main reason as to have a boy and 20.1% tend to have a girl. The average of proper number of children was different, ranged from 2.2±1.3 children in Kurdish group, to 3.6±1.5 children in the Arab group. There was a significant difference between fertility preferences and different ethnic groups (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that fertility preferences is different in various ethnic groups and the important reasons for the reluctance to childbearing included increasing age in women, economic problems and strong opposition from her husbands.

Keywords: Fertility desire, Fertility preferences, Desire to childbearing, Ethnic groups
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: مامایی
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Motlagh M E, Taheri M, Eslami M, nasrollapour shirvani S D. FACTORS AFFECTING THE FERTILITY PREFERENCES IN IRANIAN ETHNIC GROUPS. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2016; 14 (6) :485-495
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-2845-en.html
Volume 14, Number 6 (September 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی ارومیه  Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty
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