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:: Volume 14, Number 5 (August 2016) ::
J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2016, 14(5): 465-473 Back to browse issues page
THE METABOLIC SYNDROME AND ITS COMPONENTS IN MID-PREGNANCY IN TEHRAN, 2013-14
miss Hadis sourinejad1, doctor lida moghadam banaem 2, miss shiva niyati1
1- MSc Midwifery Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , moghaddamb@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1214 Views)

Background& Aims: Considering the importance of the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome and its effects on maternal and neonatal outcomes, this study was performed to determine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its components in mid-pregnancy.

Materials & Methods: A descriptive study was performed on 241 pregnant women at 24-28 weeks of gestation, undergoing 50 gr glucose challenge test (GCT), in Tehran, 2013-14. Before admission, complete information about the study was provided for all participants, and a written consent was obtained. Metabolic Syndrome was diagnosed with 3 or more of the following criteria: triglyceride ≥150 mg/dl; HDL-cholesterol <50 mg/dl; GCT ≥140 mg/dl; pre-pregnancy body mass index ≥30 kg/m2; blood pressure ≥130/85 mmHg. Data were analyzed using SPSS V.21, p-values<0.05 were considered significant.

Results: The most prevalent component of the metabolic syndrome was hypertriglyceridemia (82.6%) and impaired GCT (40.2%).

The overall frequency of metabolic syndrome among pregnant women 18-40 years old was 6.2% by modified ATPIII definition. Women with metabolic syndrome had significantly higher body mass indexes (P=˂.001), blood pressures (P=˂.001). These women also had significantly lower HDL-cholesterol levels (p=.03), higher glucose challenge test (P=˂.001). There was no statistically significant difference in mean triglyceride levels between women with and without metabolic syndrome in pregnancy.

Conclusions: The findings of our study showed a high prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in mid-pregnancy, more studies are needed to establish a relationship.

Keywords: Pregnancy, Metabolic Syndrome, Body Mass Index, Component of Metabolic Syndrome
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: مامایی
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sourinejad H, moghadam banaem L, niyati S. THE METABOLIC SYNDROME AND ITS COMPONENTS IN MID-PREGNANCY IN TEHRAN, 2013-14. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2016; 14 (5) :465-473
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-2862-en.html
Volume 14, Number 5 (August 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی ارومیه  Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty
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