Volume 20, Issue 9 (December 2022)                   Nursing and Midwifery Journal 2022, 20(9): 709-721 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mousavi Khorasani S A, Zarea K, Fallahi-Khoshkenab M, Maraghei E. WORKPLACE VIOLENCE AGAINST NURSES AND ITS RELATED FACTORS IN HOSPITALS OF ABADAN, IRAN. Nursing and Midwifery Journal 2022; 20 (9) :709-721
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-4495-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Research Center for Nursing Care in Chronic Diseases, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran (corresponding author) , kourosh1685@gmail.com
3- Professor, Department of Nursing, University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences Ahvaz, Ahva, Iran
Abstract:   (665 Views)
Background & Aims: Exposure to violence in workplace is considered a risk factor that threatens employees' health. Nurses are also exposed to various types of violence due to their presence and activity in medical centers, direct contact with patients, and multiple tensions. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the frequency of violence against nurses and the factors affecting it in the personnel working in hospitals of Abadan, Iran.
Materials & Methods: This study is a descriptive cross-sectional research in which all 489 nursing staff working in Abadan hospitals during the research. In this study, the research sample was the same community selected through census sampling. The data was collected by two questionnaires: The first was a demographics questionnaire and the second was a questionnaire called “workplace violence in the health sector.” After collection of the data, it was analyzed in SPSS statistical software. In the analysis, descriptive statistics and t-test and chi-square test were used in inferential statistics.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 30.8 ± 8.3 years, and the mean work experience was 12.77 ± 8.33. Most of the participants (77%) were women. 52% of nurses had experienced verbal violence, 15.6 racial (ethnic) violence, and 12% physical violence. Companions of the patients were caused the most physical violence (80.6%) and verbal violence (57.1%). Demographic characteristics, including age, gender, work experience, and education level, had a significant relationship with verbal and physical violence. In this study, according to the opinion of the nursing personnel and in most cases, the lack of security facilities, the absence of restrictive laws and regulations, and the lack of awareness of the people about the duties of nurses were among the factors that caused workplace violence.
Conclusion: The results showed that the most common types of violence against nursing personnel were verbal, and the patient's companions were the main perpetrators of violence in these cases. It seems that more appropriate control of patients and their companions, training of hospital security personnel, and increasing people's awareness of the duties of nursing personnel can reduce workplace violence.
Full-Text [PDF 490 kb]   (461 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: پرستاری

References
1. David JE. The One Who Is More Violent Prevails-Law and Violence from a Talmudic Legal Perspective. Can J Law Jurisprud 2006;19(2):385-406. [DOI:10.1017/S0841820900004161]
2. Magnavita N, Heponiemi T. Workplace Violence Against Nursing Students and Nurses: An Italian Experience. J Nurs Scholarsh 2011;43(2):203-10. [DOI:10.1111/j.1547-5069.2011.01392.x] [PMID]
3. Sahebi A, Golitaleb M, Moayedi S, Torres M, Sheikhbardsiri H. Prevalence of workplace violence against health care workers in hospital and pre-hospital settings: An umbrella review of meta-analyses. Front Public Heal 2022;10(2). Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2022.895818/full [DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2022.895818] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Khoshknab MF, Tamizi Z, Ghazanfari N, Mehrabani G. Prevalence of workplace violence in psychiatric wards, Tehran, Iran. Pakistan J Biol Sci 2012;15(14):680-4. [DOI:10.3923/pjbs.2012.680.684] [PMID]
5. Rayan A, Sisan M, Baker O. Stress, Workplace Violence, and Burnout in Nurses Working in King Abdullah Medical City During Al-Hajj Season. J Nurs Res 2019;27(3):e26. [DOI:10.1097/jnr.0000000000000291] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Çelebioĝlu A, Akpinar RB, Küçükoĝlu S, Engin R. Violence experienced by Turkish nursing students in clinical settings: Their emotions and behaviors. Nurse Educ Today 2010;30(7):687-91. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2010.01.006] [PMID]
7. Cheung T, Yip PSF. Workplace violence towards nurses in Hong Kong: prevalence and correlates. BMC Public Health 2017;17(1):196. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-017-4112-3] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Alkorashy HAE, Al Moalad FB. Workplace violence against nursing staff in a Saudi university hospital. Int Nurs Rev 2016;63(2):226-32. [DOI:10.1111/inr.12242] [PMID]
9. Gacki-Smith J, Juarez AM, Boyett L, Homeyer C, Robinson L, MacLean SL. Violence Against Nurses Working in US Emergency Departments. J Nurs Adm 2009;39(7-8):340-9. [DOI:10.1097/NNA.0b013e3181ae97db] [PMID]
10. Najafi F, Fallahi-Khoshknab M, Dalvandi A, Ahmadi F, Rahgozar M. Workplace violence against Iranian nurses: A systematic review. J Heal Promot Manag 2014 Apr 1;3(2):72-85. Available from: http://jhpm.ir/article-1-243-en.html [Google Scholar]
11. Babaei N, Rahmani A, Mohajjel-aghdam A, Zamanzadeh V, Dadashzadeh A, Avazeh M. Workplace Violence Against Nurses From the Viewpoint of Patients. Iran J Psychiatr Nurs 2014;2(1):43-54. Available from: http://ijpn.ir/article-1-287-en.html [URL]
12. Zamanzadeh V, Soleyman N AE. Nature of violence toward nurses working in hospitals. Med J Tabriz Univ Med Sci 2007;29(2):61-6. Available from: https://mj.tbzmed.ac.ir/Article/6463 [Google Scholar]
13. Shoghi M, Mirzai G, Salemi S, Sanjari M, Heidari S, Shirazi F. Verbal abuse against nurses in hospitals in Iran. Koomesh 2008;9(4):184-93. [DOI:10.1016/S1976-1317(08)60042-0] [PMID]
14. Paryad E, Jahani Sayad Noveiry M, Kazemnejad Leili E, Akbari A, Ghanbari Khanghah A, Bouraki S. Incidence of violence against nurses in the educational-medical centers in Rasht. gums-hnmj 2015 Jun 1;25(2):16-23. Available from: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-455-en.html [Google Scholar]
15. Salimi J, Ezazi-Erdi L K-DM. Violence against nurses in non-psychiatry emergency wards. Sci J Forensic Med 2007;4(44):202-9. Available from: http://sjfm.ir/article-1-58-en.html [Google Scholar]
16. Rahmani A, Atefeh A, Dadashzadeh A, Namdar H, Akbadi M. Physical Violence in Working Environments: Viewpoints of EMT'personnel in East Azerbaijan Province. Iran J Nurs Res 2009;3(11):33-41. Available from: http://ijnr.ir/article-1-353-fa.html [Google Scholar]
17. HosseinAbadi R, Biranvand SH, Anbari KH, Heidari H. Workplace violence against nurses working in Khorramabad educational hospitals and their Confronting behaviors in violent events. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2013;11(5):0. [Google Scholar]
18. Sahebi A, Jahangiri K, Sohrabizadeh S, Golitaleb M. Prevalence of workplace violence types against personnel of emergency medical services in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Iran J Psychiatry 2019;14(4):325-34. Available from: https://ijps.tums.ac.ir/index.php/ijps/article/view/1769 [DOI:10.18502/ijps.v14i4.1984] [PMID] [PMCID]
19. Anderson C. Workplace violence: Are some nurses more vulnerable? Issues Ment Health Nurs 2002;23(4):351-66. [DOI:10.1080/01612840290052569] [PMID]
20. Abbas MA, Fiala LA, Abdel Rahman AG, Fahim AE. Epidemiology of workplace violence against nursing staff in Ismailia Governorate, Egypt. J Egypt Public Heal Assoc 2010;85(1-2):29-43. [PMID]
21. Aghilinejad M, Nojomi M, Seyed Mehdi SM. Study of prevalence of violence against nurses and related factors. Razi J Med Sci 2011;18(86):49-58. Available from: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1662-en.html [Google Scholar]
22. Rafati RM, Zabihi A, Hosseini SJ. Verbal and physical violence on nurses in hospitals of Babol university of medical sciences. Hayat 2011;17(2):1-11. [Google Scholar]
23. Fallahi Khoshknab M, Oskouie F, Najafi F, Ghazanfari N, Tamizi Z, Ahmadvand H. Psychological Violence in the Health Care Settings in Iran: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nurs Midwifery Stud 2015;4(1):e24320. [DOI:10.17795/nmsjournal24320] [PMID] [PMCID]
24. Ghodsbin F, Dehbozorgi Z, Tayari N. Survey of Violence Against Nurses Personnel. Daneshvar Med 2008;16(78):43-50. Available from: http://daneshvarmed.shahed.ac.ir/article_1375.html [Google Scholar]
25. Cheraghi MA, Noghan N, Moghimbeygi A, Bikmoradi A. Analysis of Intensive Care Nurses' Workplace Violence. iran j crit care Nurs 2012;5(13):87-94. [Google Scholar]
26. Samir N, Mohamed R, Moustafa E, Abou Saif H. Attitudes et réactions du personnel infirmier face à la violence dans les services d'obstétrique et de gynécologie d'hôpitaux du caire. East Mediterr Heal J 2012;18(3):198-204. [DOI:10.26719/2012.18.3.198] [PMID]
27. Bordignon M, Monteiro MI. Analysis of workplace violence against nursing professionals and possibilities for prevention. Rev Gaúcha Enferm 2021;42:e20190406. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1983-14472021000100414&tlng=en [DOI:10.1590/1983-1447.2021.20190406] [PMID]
28. Salavati S, Daraie M, Tabesh H, Aradoi Z, Salavati P. Workplace Violence Against Nurses in Ahvaz Educational Hospitals. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2015;12(11):1018-27. Available from: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-1457-en.html [URL]
29. Bozorgi F, Laali A, Khademloo M, Ehteshami S. Original article Incidence and Risk Factors of Workplace Violence against Pre Hospital Staffs in Mazandaran; North of Iran. Methods 2018;7:7-12. [Google Scholar]
30. Mohamed AG. Work-related assaults on nursing staff in riyadh, saudi arabia. J Family Community Med 2002 Sep;9(3):51-6. [PMCID]
31. Kibunja BK, Musembi HM, Kimani RW, Gatimu SM. Prevalence and Effect of Workplace Violence against Emergency Nurses at a Tertiary Hospital in Kenya: A Cross-Sectional Study. Saf Health Work 2021;12(2):249-54. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2093791121000056 [DOI:10.1016/j.shaw.2021.01.005] [PMID] [PMCID]
32. Rayan A, Qurneh A, Elayyan R, Baker O, Developing ". Workplace Violence against Nurses and Health Care Professionals in Jordan: A Plan of Action. Am J Public Heal Res 2016;4(2):47-55. Available from: http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajphr/4/2/2

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Nursing And Midwifery Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb