Volume 18, Issue 12 (March 2021)                   Nursing and Midwifery Journal 2021, 18(12): 942-955 | Back to browse issues page

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ebrahimi S, hemmati maslakpak M, mahmoudfakhe H. THE EFFECT OF POSITIVE THINKING SKILLS TRAINING ON SELF-EFFICACY AND CLINICAL TESTS OF PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES REFERRING TO IMAM KHOMEINI HOSPITAL OF MAHABAD, IRAN IN 2019-2020. Nursing and Midwifery Journal 2021; 18 (12) :942-955
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-4177-en.html
1- MSc Student, Intensive Care Nursing, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine and Surgery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran (Corresponding Author) , hemmatma@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Payam-e-Noor University of Mahabad, Mahabad, Iran
Abstract:   (1970 Views)
Background & Aim: Patients with diabetes face a variety of physical and psychological problems, such as depression, anxiety, disability, sedentary lifestyle, and obesity, which ultimately lead to decreased happiness and quality of life. While in positive thinking training, people are encouraged to recognize their strengths in life and their potential abilities through their positive and good experiences, and to their role in increasing and promoting self-esteem and self-esteem and improvement. They have become more aware of their lives and have considered happiness to be the main subject of positivist psychology. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the Effect of Positive Thinking Skills Training on Self-efficacy and Clinical Tests of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Referring to Imam Khomeini Hospital of Mahabad, Iran in 2020. Materials & Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental study with available sampling method that was performed on 60 patients with type 2 diabetes referred to the diabetes clinic of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Mahabad who were eligible to participate in the study in 2016. Samples were entered into the study by convenience sampling, and then were randomly assigned to two groups of 30 intervention and control. In the intervention group, positive thinking skills training sessions based on the content extracted from the sources and books of positive psychology as well as consultation with professors and specialists in the field of positive psychology with an eight-session structure of each Two sessions per week and each session was performed in 60-45 minutes. Data were collected using demographic information questionnaire and perceived self-efficacy questionnaire of patients with type 2 diabetes and were assessed as pre-test and post-test using SPSS-22 software and significance level was less than 0.05. Data were analyzed using independent t-test, paired t-test and chi-square. Results: The results of independent t-test showed that before the implementation of positive thinking skills training, the mean score of self-efficacy was not significantly different between the control and intervention groups (p = 0.681). But after the implementation of positive thinking skills training, there was a significant difference between the mean score of management self-efficacy between the two groups (p = 0.0001). The results of paired t-test showed that there was no significant difference between the mean scores of patients' self-efficacy before and after the intervention within the control group (p = 0.555). But there was a significant difference between patients' self-efficacy scores before and after the intervention within the intervention group (p = 0.001). Also, the results of paired t-test showed that before and after the intervention, there was no statistically significant difference in the mean scores of blood sugar, cholesterol, triglyceride and glycosylated hemoglobin within the intervention and control groups (p
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: آموزش علوم پزشکی

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