Volume 18, Issue 12 (March 2021)                   Nursing and Midwifery Journal 2021, 18(12): 942-955 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-4177-en.html
1- MSc Student, Intensive Care Nursing, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine and Surgery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran (Corresponding Author) , hemmatma@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Payam-e-Noor University of Mahabad, Mahabad, Iran
Abstract:   (1970 Views)
Background & Aim: Patients with diabetes face a variety of physical and psychological problems, such as depression, anxiety, disability, sedentary lifestyle, and obesity, which ultimately lead to decreased happiness and quality of life. While in positive thinking training, people are encouraged to recognize their strengths in life and their potential abilities through their positive and good experiences, and to their role in increasing and promoting self-esteem and self-esteem and improvement. They have become more aware of their lives and have considered happiness to be the main subject of positivist psychology. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the Effect of Positive Thinking Skills Training on Self-efficacy and Clinical Tests of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Referring to Imam Khomeini Hospital of Mahabad, Iran in 2020. Materials & Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental study with available sampling method that was performed on 60 patients with type 2 diabetes referred to the diabetes clinic of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Mahabad who were eligible to participate in the study in 2016. Samples were entered into the study by convenience sampling, and then were randomly assigned to two groups of 30 intervention and control. In the intervention group, positive thinking skills training sessions based on the content extracted from the sources and books of positive psychology as well as consultation with professors and specialists in the field of positive psychology with an eight-session structure of each Two sessions per week and each session was performed in 60-45 minutes. Data were collected using demographic information questionnaire and perceived self-efficacy questionnaire of patients with type 2 diabetes and were assessed as pre-test and post-test using SPSS-22 software and significance level was less than 0.05. Data were analyzed using independent t-test, paired t-test and chi-square. Results: The results of independent t-test showed that before the implementation of positive thinking skills training, the mean score of self-efficacy was not significantly different between the control and intervention groups (p = 0.681). But after the implementation of positive thinking skills training, there was a significant difference between the mean score of management self-efficacy between the two groups (p = 0.0001). The results of paired t-test showed that there was no significant difference between the mean scores of patients' self-efficacy before and after the intervention within the control group (p = 0.555). But there was a significant difference between patients' self-efficacy scores before and after the intervention within the intervention group (p = 0.001). Also, the results of paired t-test showed that before and after the intervention, there was no statistically significant difference in the mean scores of blood sugar, cholesterol, triglyceride and glycosylated hemoglobin within the intervention and control groups (p
Full-Text [PDF 702 kb]   (603 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: آموزش علوم پزشکی

1. Classification and Diagnosis of Diabetes: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2018. Diabetes care [Internet]. 2018 Jan [cited 2021 Apr 29];41(Suppl 1). Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29222373/ [DOI:10.2337/dc18-S002] [PMID]
2. Carpenter R, DiChiacchio T, Barker K. Interventions for self-management of type 2 diabetes: An integrative review. Int J Nurs Sci 2019;6(1):70-91. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnss.2018.12.002] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. International Diabetes Federation. The global burden. In: International diabetes federation diabetes atlas 6th edition 2017. http://www. diabetesatlas.org/resources/previous-editions.html. [URL]
4. Inzucchi S, Bergenstal R, Buse J, Diamant M, Ferrannini E, Nauck M, et al. Management of hyperglycaemia in type 2 diabetes: a patient-centered approach. Position statement of the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD). Diabetologia 2013;55(6):1577-96. [DOI:10.1007/s00125-012-2534-0] [PMID]
5. Demmer R, Gelb S,Suglia S, Keyes K, Aiello A, Colombo P, Kubzansky L. Sex differences in the association between depression, anxiety, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Psychosomatic Medicine 2015;77(4): 467. [DOI:10.1097/PSY.0000000000000169] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Amos AF, McCarty DJ, Zimmet P. The rising global burden of diabetes and its complications: estimates and projections to the year 2010. Diabetic Medicine 1997; 14 (suppl l5): s1-85 https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-9136(199712)14:5+3.0.CO;2-R [DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1096-9136(199712)14:5+3.0.CO;2-R]
7. Shaw JE, Sicree RA, Zimmet PZ. Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2010 and 2030. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2010;87(1):4-14. [DOI:10.1016/j.diabres.2009.10.007] [PMID]
8. Peymani M. Mohajeri Tehrani M.Forozanfar M. The effect of self-monitoring of blood glucose level on improvement Glycated hemoglobin and glycemic control in diabetic patients. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism 2016;15(4):145-158. (Persian) [URL]
9. White CA. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Chronic Medical Problems: A Guide to Assessment and Treatment in Practice. 1st edition. Chichester ; New York: Wiley; 2001. 298 p. [URL]
10. JP, Vitaliano PP, Smith RE, Yi JC, Weinger K. The role of resilience on resilience on psychological adjustment and physical health in patients with diabetes. Br J Health Psychol 2008;13(2):311-25. [DOI:10.1348/135910707X186994] [PMID] [PMCID]
11. Royani Z, Rayyani M, Behnampour N, Arab M, Goleij J. The effect of empowerment program on empowerment level and self-care self-efficacy of patients on hemodialysis treatment. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res 2013;18(1):84-87. (Persian) [PMCID]
12. Aalto AM, Uutela A, Aro AR. Health related quality of life among insulin-dependent diabetics: disease-related and psychosocial correlates. Patient Educ Couns 1997; 30 (3): 215-225. [DOI:10.1016/S0738-3991(96)00963-9] [PMID]
13. Hergenhan R, Olson M. Theories of Learning. Trans. Seif A. Tehran: Doran Publication; 2006.
14. Farnam A, Madadizade A. The Effectiveness of Teaching Positive-Teaching Skills on Positive Psychological Modes (Maneuverability) of High School Girl Students. Positive Psycho Res 2016;3(1):61-75. (Persian) [URL]
15. FParenting styles, Regimen adherence, and glycemic control in 4 to 10 years old children with diabetes. J Pediatr Psychol 2001; 26(2): 123-9. [DOI:10.1093/jpepsy/26.2.123] [PMID]
16. Navidian A,Abedi M,Baghban I,Fatehizadeh M,Poursharifi H.Effect of motivational interviewing on blood pressure of referents suffering from hypertension. Trauma Monthly 2010(2,Summer):1151-21. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
17. Meyer P, Johnson D, Parks A, Iwanski C, Penn D. Positive living: A pilot study of group positive psychotherapy for people with schizophrenia. J Posit Psychol 2012; 7(3): 839-842. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2012.677467]
18. Bandura A.Health Promotion by Social Cognitive Means.Health Education and Behavior 2004;31(2):143-6. [DOI:10.1177/1090198104263660] [PMID]
19. Tsay SL.Self efficacy training for patients With end- stage renal disease.J AdvNurse 2003;43(4):370-5. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2648.2003.02725.x] [PMID]
20. Al-Khawaldeh M, Al-Hassan E. "Self-efficacy, self-management, and glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus," Journal of Diabetes and its Complications 2012;26(1):10-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2011.11.002] [PMID]
21. Shi S, Ostwald Wang S. "Improving glycaemic control self-efficacy and glycaemic control behaviour in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: randomised controlled trial," Journal of Clinical Nursing 2010;19(3):404-398. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.03040.x] [PMID]
22. Baljani E, Khashabi J, Amanpour E, Azimi N. Relationship between spiritual well-being, religion, and hope among patients with cancer. Hayat 2011; 17(3): 27-37. (Persian). [Google Scholar]
23. Vares Z, Zandi M, Baghaei P, Alavi N, Ajorpaz N. Study of quality of life and associated factors in diabetes mellitus patients of Kashan Diabet Center. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research 2010;5:14-22. [URL]
24. Huges A, Berg C, Wiebe D. Emotional processing and self- control in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes. J Pediatr Psychol 2014;37(8): 925-934. [DOI:10.1093/jpepsy/jss062] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Christina N, Emily H, Laura Duque S, Jeff C Huffman. Psychological Well-Being and Type 2 Diabetes 2017;4(4):1. [DOI:10.19080/CRDOJ.2017.04.555641] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. Seligman M, steen T, park N. Peterson C. positive psychology progress. Journal of American psychologist 2005; 5: 410-421. [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.60.5.410] [PMID]
27. Paavilainen E, Salminen‐Tuomaala M, Kurikka S, Paussu P. Experiences of counselling in the emergency department during the waiting period: importance of family participation. Journal of clinical nursing 2009; 18(15): 2217-24. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2008.02574.x] [PMID]
28. Ryff C,singer B,love G. Positive health: Connection wellbeing with Biology. Phitosophical Transaetion of The Royal Society of London 1998; 359:1383-1394. [DOI:10.1098/rstb.2004.1521] [PMID] [PMCID]
29. Seligman M.E. P, Ernest R,Gillham J, peivich k,linkins M. positive education: positive psychology and classrom intervention. Oxford Review of Education 2009; 35: 293-311. [DOI:10.1080/03054980902934563]
30. Seligman M. E, Csikszentmihalyi M. Positive Psychology: An introductionNetherlands: Springer 2014; 279-298. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-017-9088-8_18]
31. Kahl K, Schweiger U, Correll C, Müller C, Busch M,Bauer M, Schwarz P. Depression, anxiety disorders, and metabolic syndrome in a population at risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Brain and Behavior 2015; 5(3):306-310. [DOI:10.1002/brb3.306] [PMID] [PMCID]
32. Barkhori H,Refahi Zh,Farahbakhsh. The Effectiveness of Positive Thinking Skills Training in Group Method on Progressive Motivation, Self-esteem, and Happiness among Primary High School Students in Jiroft City. Journal of New Approaches in Educational Management 2008;1:131-144. (Persian). [URL]
33. Reiter Ch., Wilz G. Resource diary: A positive writing intervention for promoting well-being and preventing depression in adolescence. J Posit Psychol: Dedicated to furthering research and promoting good practice 2015;11(1): 99-108. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2015.1025423]
34. Rashid T, Seligman M. E. P. Positive Psychotherapy in Current Psychotherapies. (10th Edition) by R. J. Corsini and D. Wedding. Belmont, CA: Cengage;2013.
35. Dehghani-Tafti A, Mazloomy Mahmoodabad S, Morowatisharifabad M, Afkhami Ardakani M, Rezaeipandari H, Lotfi M. Determinants of Self-Care in Diabetic Patients Based on Health Belief Model. Glob J Health Sci 2015 Feb 24;7(5):33-42. doi: 10.5539/gjhs. (Persian) [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v7n5p33] [PMID] [PMCID]
36. Barzgar Damadi M,Mirzayian B,Akhi O,Hosseini H,Jadidi M, Effect of Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy on HbA1c,Self-E,Depression,Illness Perception,and Quality of life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2018;27(158):87-100. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
37. Khodayari Fard M,Abedini Y. Theories and principles of family therapy and its application in the treatment of disorders in children and adolescents. Tehran University;2016. [URL]
38. Quilliam S. Positive Thinking and Applied Positivism. Translated by Farid Barati Sedeh and Afsaneh Sadeghi. Tehran: Javaneh Roshd Publishing;2007. [URL]
39. Moghayar-Moi, Jenna. L.Positive Psychology Techniques. Translate f Barati century First edition, Tehran: Growth Publishing 2012. [URL]
40. Naderimagham S, Niknami S, Abolhassani F, Hajizadeh E. Development and psychometric properties of perceived self-efficacy scale (SES) for Self-care in middle-aged patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. Payesh 2013;12(6):679-90. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1035] [PMID] [PMCID]
41. Atak N.Gurkan T,Kose K.The effect of education on knowledge, self management behaviors and self efficacy of patients with type 2 diabetes.Australianjournal of advanced nursing 2008;26(2):60-66. [Google Scholar]
42. Joyce P, Yi-Frazier A, Marisa H, Katherine C, Korey K. The Impact of Positive Psychology on Diabetes Outcomes: A Review study.science reaserch 2012;13(3):1116-1124. [DOI:10.4236/psych.2012.312A165]
43. Jaser S, Patel N, Linsky R, Whittcmore R. Developement of positive psychology Intervention to improve Adherence in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.J Pediatr Health Care 2014;28(6):478-85. [DOI:10.1016/j.pedhc.2014.02.008] [PMID] [PMCID]
44. Ghodsbin F, Safaei M, Jahanbi I, Ostovan M, Keshvarzi S. The effect of positive thinking training on the level of spiritual well-being among the patients with coronary artery diseases referred to Imam Reza specialty and subspecialty clinic in Shiraz, Iran: US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health 2015;11(6):341-8. (Persian) [PMCID]
45. Aghaie A, Niknezhadi F, The Effectiveness of Positive Psychology on the Meaning of Life in Diabetic Patients in Isfahan. Department of Educational Science and Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran Winter and Spring 2019;13(25):206-229. (Persian) [URL]
46. Assarzadegan M,Raeisi Z, The Effectiveness of Training Based on Positive-Psychology on Quality of life and Happiness of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Quarterly Journal of Health Psychology 2019; 8(2):97-116. (Persian) [DOI:10.32598/ajnpp.5.2.43]
47. Sikes C. Creativity: Its role in healing and place in positive psychology. Retrieved February 28, 2015 from ERLC data bace.
48. Boyer B, Paharia M. Comprehensive hand book of clinical health psychology. New Jersey:John Wiley and Sonsm 2008;220-225. [DOI:10.1002/9781118269657]
49. Schrank B., Riches, S., Coggins, T., Rashid, T., Tylee, A., & Slade, M. Modified positive psychotherapy to improve well-being in psychosis: study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial. Trials 2014;3: 095-813. [DOI:10.1186/1745-6215-15-203] [PMID] [PMCID]
50. Ramoz S. The effectiveness of positive thinking skills training on resilience, toughness and spiritual well-being of mothers with slow children. (Dissertation). Tehran: University of Tehran; 2018.
51. Ho H, Yeung D, Kwok S . Development and evaluation of the positive psychology intervention for older adults. J Posit Psychol 2014;9(3):187-97. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2014.888577]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Nursing And Midwifery Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb