Volume 6, Issue 2 (jul 2008)                   Nursing and Midwifery Journal 2008, 6(2): 88-93 | Back to browse issues page

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Mahmodi A, Sharifi. COMPARISON FREQUENCY AND FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH DEPRESSION IN DIABETICS AND NON DIABETICS PATIENTS. Nursing and Midwifery Journal. 2008; 6 (2) :88-93
URL: http://unmf.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-83-en.html
1- , Mahmoodi53@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (12408 Views)
Introduction: Diabetes according to its chronic condition and complications caused to reduce the psychosocial adaptation of patients and their mood has been affected by this reason. Investigations showed that fatigue, less irritability, hostility, depression and anxiety are more common in diabetic's patients. Prevalence of depression is three times more in type 2 diabetes versus type 1. Purpose of the study is to evaluate the factors associated with depression in type 2 diabetics’ patients and whether these factors are different with those in non diabetics’ depressive patients. 
Materials and Methods: A sample of 227 Diabetics adults and 151 non diabetics were assessed on a random sampling, using Beck's depression scale and self reporting for data gathering. Sample will include subjects if have diagnosed with diabetes, starting treatment from six month prior, and have-not depression. Demographic data and factors affecting depression (age, sex, , duration of diabetes, family size, and ethnicity) will be gathered from a questionnaire. The subjects will be completed questionnaires after their visit in diabetes centre. Non diabetics' peoples were recruited randomly from the clients of the center and completed questionnaires too.Data analysis was completed in stages.  Descriptive statistics provided information on all variables. The development of models to explore the interrelationships of the Variables employed forward Fisher statistical test, Kai square and man-Witney test. All analyses were established a priori at P < 0.05 for acceptance.
Results: Depression was more common on diabetics (77% vs. 37%). Using fisher test was showed significant differences between two groups. Sever depression is more common in diabetics. women's and patients with less than 40 years old in two groups has more depression but marital status, family size, qualifications, housing status, onset of disease, income and support resources have not any significant relations with the disease.
Conclusions: Incidence of Depression in diabetic's patients is two more than in non diabetics' peoples.  The factors are the same but sex and age are more dominated.
Keywords: Diabetes, Depression
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: پرستاری

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